Wallpaper otherwise called the Wall Jewels is the most common alternative used instead of painting. It is widely used as a wall covering material. Home wallpapers are available with a variety of colours, patterns, materials and textures for the living room, dining room, bedroom, kitchen and any area of your home.
Unsure which paint is best for your home? Don't skip the research. The type of paint you choose is just as important as the colour, and can have major effect on the character of your room and the vibe you want to achieve.
Types of wall painting and wall treatment we do :
1. Whitewash :
Whitewash is a low-cost paint made from mixture of slaked lime or powdered chalk, size and water used for whitening walls (brick walls, concrete walls, other wall surfaces etc.), woodworks, etc. Sometimes pigments like fevicol are also added in it to make the colourful walls.
2. Oil Paint :
Oil based paints are slow drying paints. The oo=\[\based paints are thicker and harder. They are also glossy and smoother. They are more durable and stain resistant. The fumes from the oil- based paint are the toxic material which is harmful for health and environment hence less popular choice now days for painting. They are less flexible as compared to emulsion paints and hence not suitable for exterior paints.
3. Emulsion Paint :
Emulsion Paints are basically water based paints. Water is used as a solvent in emulsion paint. Water is a medium where the binder, pigment and additives are dispersed in molecular form. Binders are polymers forming a continuous film on the surface. Binders used in emulsion paints are alkyd resins, acrylic resin, epoxy, etc. It is used for internal as well as an external surface coating of the building. They dry quickly & flexible and hence are suitable for both external as well as internal surfaces.
4. Cement Based Paint :
Cement-based paints are water based paint in which cement forms the base. Cement is the main constituent in cement based paints which is responsible for the hardness and durability of the painted surface. Cement paints do not require oil or other organic matter. Cement Paint can be applied on the exterior as well as interior walls. It is used for painting exterior wall surface mainly for preventing water penetration and reductions of dirt collection. It is suitable for coating concrete as well as decorating indoor and outdoor walls.
5. Enamel Paint :
Enamel paints are oil based paints and with a considerably glossy finish. Enamel Paints consistsof white lead, zinc white, resinous matter and petroleum spirit. Enamel paints are more durable and have hard strong finish. Enamel paints provides excellent coverage and colour retention. Enamel paints have hard, glossy and opaque finish. Enamel paints dry slowly or quickly depending on thinner used.
6. Distemper Paint :
Distemper paints are water based paints. The major constituents of distemper are chalk, lime, water and some colouring pigments if necessary. Distemper Paints are available in powder and paste form. It is cheaper than other paints. Distemper paints can be classified as a one type of better white wash. Distemper paints are used for both interior and exterior walls.
7. Anti-Condensation Paint :
Anti-condensation paints are designed to reduce the formation of condensation of moisture under intermittently dry and humid conditions.Such a material normally has a matt textured finish and frequently contains cork or some other heat insulating materials as a filler. Condensation of moisture leads to mould and can damage your walls which doesn’t look good. It also inhibits the fungal and mould growth.
8. Luminous Paint :
A paint which glows in the dark because it contains a substance that emits light for a certain length of time after exposure to an energy source. Types of luminous paint listed below.
a) Fluorescent Paint :
Fluorescent paints are made by adding fluorescent pigments with the largest amount of resin. The pigments are capable of absorbing energy from the blue or ultraviolet end of the spectrum and re-emitting it in the form of light in the visible wavelengths.
b) Phosphorescent Paint :
Phosphorescent Paint contains pigments (phosphorus) which absorb energy at one wavelength and emit it over a period, in the form of light at a longer wavelength in the visible spectrum. It differs from a fluorescent paint in that it continues to glow even after the stimulant is removed.
9. Latex Paint :
Latex is a white milky liquid exuding from trees like rubber. They can be apply on walls and trim, concrete, wood etc.
10. Lead Paint :
They give the paint its tint, Lead pigments are highly opaque, so that a relatively small amount of the compound can cover a large area. White lead is very insoluble in water, making the paint highly water-resistant with a durable, washable finish.
11. Metallic Paint :
These paints are generally used for painting metallic surface.
12. Rubber Paint :
They withstand water and other tough conditions. They are used in boats, swimming pools, etc. with a long-lasting alternative that won’t wear down over time. Rubber paint is also one type of latex paint.
13. Aluminium Paint :
This type of paint generally has a silvery finish. They are used to paint a variety of materials, including metals, wood, and masonry.
14. Textured Paint :
Texture paint consists of coarse grains (such as gypsum, sand, etc.) metal, ribbon, lace, leather, etc. with the water-thinned binder used for creating a rough pattern effect on a wall. They have become one of the most popular trends in painting as different types of styles can be created on the wall. They simulate two different sense: Sight and touch. They are often used as an alternative to wallpaper and it is also a great solution to hide uneven and imperfect wall surfaces.
15. Silicone Paint:
Silicone paint is a special type of coating in which alkyd resins are modified by adding silicone. It has excellent durability, toughness, good resistance to cracking and abrasion resistance caused by severe temperature changes. It is mostly used in maintenance paints for steel and concrete, exterior decorative, marine paints, coatings on brass and aluminium, and as a heat-resistant it is used in chimneys, ovens, etc.It repels water on masonry surfaces such as stone and brick. It is also a preferred choice to prevent corrosion in industrial structure from harsh corrosive environment. Certain silicone paints are transparent and hence recommended for cladding like exposed concrete, brick walls etc.
16. Fungicidal Paint :
A paint which discourages growth of fungi on its dry applied film. The fungicidal properties are normally conferred by the addition of special additives; although certain pigments, such as zinc oxide, commonly used in paints may themselves contribute the fungicidal properties of the paint.
Textile Wallpaper. Textile wallpapers come in many different varieties. Natural textile wallpapers are made using natural fibers that have been laminated to a paper or acrylic backing, which improves its durability. Depending on the manufacturing process, the textiles can look fine or course.
Grass cloth wallpapers are made from the fibers of Jute, Rushes or other grasses. Grasscloth is not pre-pasted like most standard wall coverings that are manufactured today. You will need to purchase and manually apply specialty wallpaper glue to get it to stick to your walls.
Oil painting in oil colors, a medium consisting of pigments suspended in drying oils. The outstanding facility with which fusion of tones or color is achieved makes it unique among fluid painting mediums; at the same time, satisfactory linear treatment and crisp effects are easily obtained. Opaque, transparent, and translucent painting all lie within its range, and it is unsurpassed for textural variation.
An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable). Two liquids can form different types of emulsions. As an example, oil and water can form, first, an oil-in-water emulsion, wherein the oil is the dispersed phase, and water is the continuous phase. (Lipoproteins, used by all complex living organisms, are one example of this.) Second, they can form a water-in-oil emulsion, wherein water is the dispersed phase and oil is the continuous phase. Multiple emulsions are also possible, including a "water-in-oil-in-water" emulsion and an "oil-in-water-in-oil" emulsion.
Texture in painting refers to the look and feel of the canvas. It is based on the paint, and its application, or the addition of materials such as ribbon, metal, wood, lace, leather and sand. The concept of "painterliness" also has bearing on texture. The texture stimulates two different senses: sight and touch.